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PLANT COMMUNITY ATTRIBUTES OF A TROPICAL DRY FOREST PHYSIOGNOMICALLY DOMINATED BY HETEROFLORUM SCLEROCARPUM (FABACEAE)

Article

Ibarra-Manr�quez, G; Urrea-Galeano, LA; Cort�s-Flores, J; Hern�ndez-Esquivel, KB; Navarrete-Segueda, A; Ek-Rodr�guez, IL

NA

2023

BOTANICAL SCIENCES

101

57-75

Background: Heteroflorum (Fabaceae) is a monospecific genus endemic to western Mexico. Community attributes of the forest where H. sclerocarpum is found are scarcely known, as well as its similarity with other tropical seasonal forests. Question: What is the composition, structure, and diversity of the tropical deciduous forest where H. sclerocarpum is physiognomically dominant? Study site and date: The buffer area of the Zicuiran-Infiernillo Biosphere Reserve, in the Churumuco municipality of Michoacan, Mexico, in 2014. Methods: In three 0.1-ha sites, we sampled trees with a diameter at breast height >= 1 cm and lianas whose rooted stem had a diameter of >= 1 cm. We calculated the density, biomass, rank-abundance, rank-basal area curves, as well as alpha and beta diversity measures for each site. Results: We recorded 64 species from 21 families in 0.3 ha. Fabaceae had the highest number of genera, species, individuals, and biomass in all sites sampled. The sites varied in richness (33-41 species), density (176-247 individuals), basal area (2-2.9 m2), and maximum height of trees (12-16 m). Rank-abundance curves differed significantly among sites. Rarefaction curves showed that D-0 alpha and D-1 alpha did not differ among sites, while D-2 alpha separated one of the sites, which also showed a different diversity profile. Beta diversity did not show a strong species turnover among sites (D-0(beta), 1.38-1.45; D-2(beta), 1.35-1.56). Conclusions: The composition of the forest sampled was similar to other seasonal forests, while the density and diversity were among the lowest values.

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